Fully funding the family planning needs of poor countries would lift millions out of poverty, improve rates of educational attainment, and help close the gender pay gap in the. Unfpa is a key partner in the family planning 2020 fp2020 global partnership, which aims to reach an additional 120 million women and girls with contraceptive services in 69 of the poorest countries in the world by 2020. The evolution of chinas onechild policy and its effects on family outcomes, journal of economic perspectives, american economic association, vol. Despite growing realization of the role of socio economic characteristics in determining utilization of healthcare services, little is known about the existing socio economic inequalities in use of family planning services. Centre for development studies, faculty of social science, university of cape coast. Family planning also has an impact on reproductive health and development, an aspect that is often glossed over. Data booklet the population of women of reproductive age is projected to grow rapidly through 2030 in countries with the largest. Family planning and sustainable development contraceptive use helps couples and individuals realize their basic right to decide freely and responsibly if, when and how many children to have. Models for integrating family planning into microfinance, agricultural and environmental projects have already proven to be feasible, acceptable and effective. Family planning improves the health and overall wellbeing of women and. Despite the obvious benefits, discriminatory family planning policies, poor or no services, lack of information and education, and irregular or no supplies, can all restrict access to and use of. Thus family planning is needed not only to raise the quality of life of the indian people but also the level of indias economic development.
During the cultural revolution of 19661976, the meaning of family planning was tied directly to revolutionary goals. In the past 50 years, family planning fp programs have been heavily promoted across the developing world as a means to reduce fertility rates and promote economic development. Unesco eolss sample chapters social and economic development vol. Repositioning family planningreproductive health in eastern. Sustainable development goals and family planning 2020 5 how do the sdgs and fp2020 complement each other and what to advocate for. The central assumption behind such programs is that the decline in birth rates during the early stages of demographic transition. Voluntary family planning brings transformational benefits to women, families, communities, and countries. Family planning is one aspect of the targets around universal access to sexual and reproductive health found in the sdgs 3.
Others give them less credit, arguing that fertility decline is a response to economic development and industrialization, even if aided by family planning programs becker, 1960, davis, 1967, voigtlander and. Those in favor emphasized that family planning would improve the welfare of mothers and children and promote socioeconomic development. Guide on strategic planning for socio economic development incorporating gender equality and human rights based approach 5 guide structure the guide starts by presenting the principles on which the local development process should rely. Drawing from the zambian context, we present a case for making investments in voluntary family planning fp, underpinned by a human rights framework, as a pillar for accelerating development and. Sinha 2005 estimated from the 1996 matlab health and socioeconomic survey.
Family planning helps people have the desired number of children, which as a result improves the health of mothers and contributes to the nations social and economic development. Family planning is also a costeffective, crosscutting intervention for achieving mdgs 1 to 3 and 6 to 8. Socioeconomic status, family processes, and individual. An analysis in egypt helps us understand how family planning and lower population growth helped build a more resilient infrastructure for health and economic development. Awareness and determinants of family planning practice in ethiopia a. Investment in family planning is a best buy for development. This paper explores macroeconomic linkages among family planning, human capital and economic growth in rwanda. Family planning unfpa united nations population fund. Investing in family planning is a development best buy that can accelerate achievement across the 5 sustainable development goal themes of people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. The family planning sustainable development goals fpsdg model, developed by the health policy plus project, demonstrates the medium and longterm impacts. Specifically, family planning promotes the following.
In the 1950s and 1960s, a few timid, and sometimes frankly unrealistic, efforts at family planning. International journal of economic development research and investment vol 2 no. The united nations 11 has estimated that, for every dollar spent in family planning, between two and six dollars can be saved in interventions aimed at achieving other development goals. Journal of economic development 1 volume 39, number 1, march 2014 family planning, growth, income distribution. Family planning and the post2015 development agenda who. It is guided by the duterte administrations 010 point socioeconomic agenda, nationwide consultations, and the social development summits. Social and economic development strategies, native. Family planning not only prevents maternal, infant, and child deaths, but also empowers women to engage fully in socioeconomic development and provides them with reproductive choices. Family size and its socio economic implications in the sunyani municipality of the brong ahafo region of ghana, west africa prepared by jones lewis arthur twene amanfo secondarytechnical school sunyani, brong ahafo region ghana, west africa. Culture can play a huge role in family planning, particularly when it comes to birth control, abortion, the age of reproduction, and desired family size. One reason is the recent release of extensive socioeconomic, family planning, and fertility data for the subregions. Ana project planning and development manual june 2012 page 8.
This underlying tenet represents an instance of the social causation. Family planning and socioeconomic development introduction. Robust family planning results in healthier, more economically stable families, communities, and nations. Family planning and economic growth council on foreign relations. On the other hand, economic growth improves employment opportunities and raises incomes, and family welfare improves the quality of life.
Thus, in brief, the need for family planning in india arises. Family planning can also help catalyse accelerated macroeconomic growth. Banks world development indicators and the united nations were also used for additional analyses. Family planning fp has been described as a means to achieving all the millennium development goals mdgs and a key part of any comprehensive development strategy 10,11, 12. This message was publicized through popular media from the 1950s through the 1980s. By ensuring that universal access to family planning is included in the post2015 development agenda, we can accelerate progress and fulfil our promises to the next generation. I socioeconomic developmental social work jan marie fritz encyclopedia of life support systems eolss socioeconomic developmental social work jan marie fritz professor of planning and health policy, university of cincinnati, cincinnati, ohio, usa. The contribution of family planning to maternal health and socio. Chapte r 25 family planning trends in subsaharan africa. It is important to note that this report will only provide a synopsis of the socio economic plan for the project. Graphtheoretic path analysis of rwanda tugrul temel ecorec economic research and consulting, netherlands this paper explores macroeconomic linkages among family planning, human capital and.
Family planning and the provision of safe and comprehensive abortion services are the cornerstone of public health strategy to avert the huge toll of maternal morbidity and mortality associated. Awareness and determinants of family planning practice in. The economic benefits of access to family planning the expansion in access to reliable birth control in the second half of the 20th century was a major contributor to a sea change in the economic status of women. By enabling women to better determine when or if they. Family planning program effects center for global development. An a priori assumption of most research on ses, family functioning, and human development is that social position influences families across time, and that socioeconomic disadvantage has negative consequences for adults and children e. Investment in human capital, when accompanied by sound economic policies and robust labor markets, produces significant gains for developing economies. Sustainable development goals and family planning 2020. Socioeconomic disparities in use of family planning. Family planning advocates must take action to change this situation. Family planning and the millennium development goals. Family planning and the 2030 agenda for sustainable.
If your country is a fp2020 focus country or commitment maker, you can leverage the sdgs as a way of increasing the political priority of family planning, as well as ensuring the two sdg targets are being fulfilled. This paper will discuss the current landscape of contraception in developing countries. Family planning is known to have been practiced for centuries long before the advent of. Investing in family planning is a development best buy that can accelerate achievement.
Family planning programs in the third world deep blue. The economic benefits of family planning world economic. Family planning programmes help reduce that stress. How effective are familyplanning programs at improving. Family planning, considered an essential component. The aim is thus to identify economic development opportunities and socio economic development projects in the area1 adjacent to the proposed wind farm. The detailed socio economic plan will be submitted with the final bid. A higher family size will ultimately lead to low levels of education, income, health, welfare and economic status. To ensure a better social as well as economic standing, one would need to choose a family size that would lessen the burden and effect of family size on the family as well as the individual members. Ldcs, reported that socioeconomic devel opment and family planning program ef. Exploration of these factors in any given population is helpful in facilitating equity based efforts to improve use of fpm.
Socioeconomic development, family planning, and fertility in china. In addition to maternal health, family planning can have a significant impact on other sdgs, including poverty, hunger, education, water and sanitation, work and economic growth, and sustainable cities and communities. An overview of population and family planning study session 1 an overview of population and family planning introduction. Sociocultural barriers to family planning the guardian. Tugrul temel ecorec economic research and consulting, netherlands. Family planning programs and health and socioeconomic outcomes among. Investments in family planning will stimulate socioeconomic. The family planning sustainable development goals fpsdg model. Who family planning and the post2015 development agenda. Family planning and the 2030 agenda for sustainable development data booklet target 3. Investments in family planning will stimulate socioeconomic development. Socioeconomic development, family planning, and fertility. The chapter discusses the impact of micro and macro level factors, that have contributed to changes in the dynamics of con.
Family planning is one of the 10 great public health achievements of the 20th century. The economic benefits of family planning jul 25, 2018 natalia kanem the ability to decide when or whether to have children is not only a basic human right. Journal of economic development 1 volume 39, number 1, march 2014. Family planning and the millennium development goals science. The economic benefits of family planning by natalia. If your country is a fp2020 focus country or commitment maker, you can leverage. Ana promotes self sufficiency for native americans by providing discretionary grant funding for community based projects and training and technical assistance to eligible tribes and native organizations in three program areas. Family planning does not only give couples the freedom to space and plan the number of children they wish.425 261 285 275 1160 739 1516 529 637 320 332 314 975 266 1086 1317 525 1191 497 1174 793 421 396 9 367 349 203 1405 449 701